Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorBraun-Prado, Karinpt_BR
dc.contributor.authorDourado, Renata Montoropt_BR
dc.contributor.otherAugusto, Danillo Gardenalpt_BR
dc.contributor.otherUniversidade Federal do Paraná. Setor de Ciências Biológicas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genéticapt_BR
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-21T11:56:32Z
dc.date.available2017-06-21T11:56:32Z
dc.date.issued2017pt_BR
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1884/47595
dc.descriptionOrientadora : Profª. Drª. Karin Braun Pradopt_BR
dc.descriptionCoorientador : Prof. Dr. Danillo G. Augustopt_BR
dc.descriptionDissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Ciências Biológicas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética. Defesa: Curitiba, 28/03/2017pt_BR
dc.descriptionInclui referências : f. 92-102pt_BR
dc.description.abstractResumo: A familia de genes KIR (do ingles, killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors) desempenha um papel central na imunidade inata e adaptativa e seu polimorfismo tem sido associado a suscetibilidade diferencial a diversas doencas. Esses genes exibem extensa variabilidade, tanto em termos de ausencia e presenca de genes, quanto em nivel alelico. Os receptores codificados por esses genes sao expressos na superficie das celulas NK e de alguns subtipos de celulas T e podem transduzir sinais ativadores ou inibidores. Pouco se conhece a respeito dos seus niveis de expressao genica diferencial, tampouco dos mecanismos de regulacao. O gene KIR3DL2 codifica um receptor inibidor e e o segundo gene KIR mais polimorfico e polialelico do complexo, com mais de 80 alelos descritos. O objetivo desse trabalho foi analisar se o polimorfismo alelico de KIR3DL2 impacta na sua expressao genica diferencial. Para isso, caracterizamos a diversidade alelica de KIR3DL2 em uma populacao de euro-descendentes de Curitiba e regiao metropolitana (n = 235), atraves de sequenciamento de DNA. As frequencias genotipicas estavam de acordo com as esperadas pelo equilibrio de Hardy-Weinberg, sendo os genotipos mais comuns: 3DL2*001/007 (11,5%), 3DL2*001/002 (6,8%) e 3DL2*002/007 (6,8%). Os alelos mais frequentes encontrados nessa populacao foram 3DL2*007 (21,7%), 3DL2*001 (21,3%) e 3DL2*002 (20%). Um total de 40 individuos com genotipos especificos e comuns na populacao desse estudo foram selecionados para a analise de expressao diferencial por citometria de fluxo. A analise de expressao diferencial foi realizada com os individuos portadores dos alelos mais frequentes encontrados na populacao, sendo eles: 3DL2*001, 3DL2*002, 3DL2*003, 3DL2*005, 3DL2*007, 3DL2*009, 3DL2*010 e 3DL2*011. Verificamos que o polimorfismo alelico de KIR3DL2 esta associado nao somente com niveis de expressao diferencial, mas tambem com diferentes quantidades de celulas NK que exibem KIR3DL2 em sua superficie. O alelo KIR3DL2*002 foi associado ao maior nivel de expressao de KIR3DL2 e ao maior numero de celulas NK 3DL2 positivas. Ja 3DL2*010 foi associado ao menor nivel de expressao e a menor quantidade de celulas NK com KIR3DL2 presente na superficie celular. Alem disso, demonstramos que um polimorfismo na regiao 3' UTR, na posicao 16545A>G (rs1865095) marca os niveis de expressao de KIR3DL2. Sugerimos que esta expressao diferencial possa estar relacionada a ligacao de miRNAs nesta regiao, especificamente o miR-2114-3p. A presenca de ligantes especificos (HLA-A3, -A11 e -B27) nao esta associada a diferentes niveis de expressao de KIR3DL2 (p = 0,5739) nem a diferentes quantidades de celulas NK KIR3DL2 positivas (p = 0,7772). Alem disso, nenhuma correlacao foi encontrada entre a expressao diferencial dos alelos de KIR3DL2 e a expressao diferencial dos alelos de HLA-A. Como perspectivas futuras pretendemos analisar, atraves de co-cultivo celular, a atividade citotoxica das celulas NK de individuos com diferentes genotipos homozigotos, como KIR3DL2*001/KIR3DL2*001, KIR3DL2*002/KIR3DL2*002, KIR3DL2*007/KIR3DL2*007 e KIR3DL2*010/KIR3DL2*010 a fim de corroborar as hipoteses geradas. Palavras-chave: Celulas NK, KIR3DL2, variabilidade alelica, HLA-A3, HLA-A11, HLA-B27, expressao diferencial.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractAbstract: The KIR (killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors) gene family plays a central role in innate and adaptive immunity and has been associated with differential susceptibility to diseases. Besides the uncommon presence and absence polymorphism that occurs in KIR, these genes also exhibit an extensive allelic variation. The receptors encoded by these genes are expressed on the surface of NK cells and on some subset of T cells. They can transduce either activating or inhibiting signals. The differential expression levels and the mechanisms of genetic regulation of these receptors are poorly known. The KIR3DL2 gene encodes an inhibitory receptor and it is one of the most polymorphic and polyallelic KIR, with more than 80 alleles described so far. This study aimed to analyze if there are a profound impact of KIR3DL2 allelic polymorphism on its differential gene expression. Allelic diversity of KIR3DL2 was characterized in an euro-descendant population from Curitiba and metropolitan region, state of PR (n = 235), by sequencing-based typing. Genotype frequencies were in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and the most frequent genotype was 3DL2*001/007 (11.5%), followed by 3DL2*001/002 (6.8%) and 3DL2*002/007 (6.8%). The most frequent alleles in the population were 3DL2*007 (21.7%), 3DL2*001 (21.3%) and 3DL2*002 (20%). A total of 40 individuals with specific and commom genotypes were selected for differential expression analysis by flow citometry. The differential expression analysis was made for the most common alleles found in the population: 3DL2*001, 3DL2*002, 3DL2*003, 3DL2*005, 3DL2*007, 3DL2*009, 3DL2*010 and 3DL2*011. We verified that the allelic polymorphism of KIR3DL2 was associated not only with the differential expression but also with the different amount of NK cells that display KIR3DL2 on their surface. KIR3DL2*002 allele was associated with higher expression of KIR3DL2 and higher number of KIR3DL2 positive NK cells, while KIR3DL2*010 was related to the lowest expression and lowest level of KIR3DL2 positive NK cells. It has also been found that a polymorphism in the 3' UTR, 16545A>G (rs1865095), was associated with KIR3DL2 differential expression level. We suggest that it may be related to miRNAs binding, specifically miR-2114-3p. The presence of specific HLA class I ligands (HLA-A3, -A11 and -B27) was not associated with KIR3DL2 differential expression levels (p = 0.5739) nor with different amount of NK KIR3DL2+ cells (p = 0.7772). In addition, no correlation was found between the differential expression of the KIR3DL2 alleles and the differential expression of the HLA-A alleles. As future perspectives, it is intended to analyze the citotoxic activity of NK cells from individuals with different genotypes like KIR3DL2*001/KIR3DL2*001, KIR3DL2*002/KIR3DL2*002, KIR3DL2*007/KIR3DL2*007 and KIR3DL2*010/KIR3DL2*010 through co-culture to corroborate the hypotheses generated. Key-words: NK cells, KIR3DL2, allelic variability, HLA-A3, HLA-A11, HLA-B27, differential expression.pt_BR
dc.format.extent109 f. : il. algumas color., tabs.pt_BR
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfpt_BR
dc.languagePortuguêspt_BR
dc.relationDisponível em formato digitalpt_BR
dc.subjectGenéticapt_BR
dc.subjectAlelospt_BR
dc.subjectReceptores KIR3DL2pt_BR
dc.subjectCelulas killerpt_BR
dc.titleA diversidade alélica do gene KIR3DL2 e o seu impacto nos níveis de expressão gênica deferencialpt_BR
dc.typeDissertaçãopt_BR


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record